Automakers have been "borrowing" ideas from each others' designs and engines for years. The December 2018 issue of Car & Driver had an interesting article about a France-based firm, A2Mac1, that is helping automakers reverse engineer their competitors' vehicles. For an annual subscription fee ($150,000 for North America market and $2.9 million for global market) automakers can use its static benchmarking services. Each year, A2Mac1 tears apart 90 vehicles that are either purchased or donated. Its employees then perform the following functions: Measure dimensions and clearances. Perform 3-D scans of interior and exterior surfaces. Remove and weigh parts. Record where each removed element was located. Photograph each part, sometimes with related components attached. Assemble a full 3-D model of the vehicle using digitized pieces. Upload all of the captured information into a database where users can search for parts, vehicles and suppliers (via a web browser).